Vocabulaire — 11 octobre 2013

Le corps humain en anglais, et plus précisément le vocabulaire anglais des organes du corps humain sont à l’étude dans cette leçon. Apprenez ici le sens de kidney, brain, lungs, skulls et d’autres mots anglais utiles.

Il vous faudra les mémoriser et apprendre à les employer, c’est pourquoi un texte de mise en situation suit la définition de votre nouveau vocabulaire anglais.

 

 

 

Internal Parts of the Human Body

In our last lesson we studied the various parts of the body. However, they are all external parts. Do you know how to talk about what is inside your body? In this lesson we will take a look at the various organs and other parts which hide inside our bodies.

heart: the organ in your body which is responsible for filtering your blood and pumping it to the various parts of your body (coeur)
lungs:
the organ in your body which is responsible for providing oxygen to the body (poumons)
kidney:
the organ in your body which removes waste from your blood and produces urine to expel said waste from your body (rein)
brain:
the organ in your body which allows you to think and control the rest of your body (cerveau)
arteries:
the major “tubes” in your body which allow you to pump blood from one major organ to another place (artère)
veins:
the smaller “tubes” in your body which allow you to pump blood from the arteries into smaller or less important parts of your body (veine)
intestine:
the “tubes” in your body which connect your stomach to your rectum, allowing you to properly digest food and then expel the waste products produced when you digest the food (intestin)
tongue:
the muscle in your mouth which helps you eat food and allows you to properly taste the food which you consume (langue)
skull:
the bones in your head which provide  the framework for your head and protect your brain (crâne)
vertebra:
the small bones in your back which form your spine or “back bone” and give you the ability to sit up vertically (vertèbre)

 

Texte sur le corps humain en anglais

In our last lesson we looked at the parts that make up the body. However, the parts we mentioned were all related to the outside structure of the body. However, do you know what’s on your inside? Do you know how to describe your insides? It’s important because you never know when or where something could go wrong. Pay close attention today!

Le haut du corps humain en anglais (brain, skulls, tongue)

We’ll start at the top of our bodies and work our way down. Of course, we need to start with the skull is the combination of bones which make up the structure for our heads. Inside our skulls we find the ever important brain. Our brains are basically the computer which controls our bodies, movements, thoughts and basic bodily functions. Without a brain a body simply cannot function independently!

Another important part of the body that depends on the skull for protection is the tongue. The tongue is the muscle which we depend on to help us eat, digest, and taste the food that we put into our bodies every day. We cannot forget the importance of the tongue in human communication because without a tongue one simply cannot speak! If someone has problems with their tongue they will also have problems with their speech unless they receive special training from highly specialized teachers.

Le milieu corps humain en anglais (heart, lungs, arteries, vertebrae)

Moving down from the skull, the next important organ that we have listed is the heart. The heart is essentially the motor of the body. It pumps our blood to the furthest corners of the body and keeps our bodies alive. If the heart stops working or malfunctions, we have very serious problems! The heart pumps our blood through the major arteries in the body, which then split into veins which distribute blood to every corner of our bodies.

The lungs are located near our hearts. They are the organ in the human body which allows us to take in air and process it as the oxygen that we need to survive. The lungs are responsible for getting the necessary oxygen into our bloodstream.

Moving back from the heart and the lungs we have the vertebrae. Together, the vertebrae make up what is called the spine. It essentially connects our head to our pelvis, giving our torso support. The spinal cord runs through the vertebral column and functions as the “messenger” from our brain to the rest of the central nervous system which is responsible for our bodily functions and the ways we act.

Le bas du corps humain en anglais (kidneys, intestine)

Towards the bottom of our torso we arrive at two parts of our body that are responsible for filtration and waste removal. First, our kidneys filter our blood and allow us to expel waste in liquid form as urine. Our kidneys are responsible for our urine and if the kidneys are compromised it can become a big problem.

The intestines are responsible for nutrient absorption and waste processing. They also serve as a conduit from the stomach to the rectum, allowing us to expel waste as fecal matter. We have two types of intestines: the large intestine and the small intestine. Food passes through both of them after passing through the stomach.

Now that we have reached the end of the digestive system, we have also reached the end of our trip through the human body. While we might think that each and every part of our body is relatively insignificant, every single part of our body works in harmony with the other parts to allow us to survive and be productive human beings. As any person who is sick or has been sick can tell you, life becomes quite difficult when one’s body is compromised and even one part of the body falls out of balance with the rest.

For example, if a person’s kidneys fail to process waste like they should a person can suffer major health problems. Or, if a person’s upper skull fails to form properly they can have major problems because their brain is left unprotected. That person then has to take special precautions during all of his or her life to protect her brain from unwanted trauma.

Have you ever been sick or experienced problems with one of the parts of the body which we mentioned in our lesson today? How was your life affected? Never, ever, take the parts of your body or your health for granted!

Keep healthy, readers!

Si vous avez aimé notre leçon sur le corps humain en anglais vous pouvez nous suivre sur facebook et apprendre l’anglais en image.

Quiz sur le corps humain en anglais

Internal Parts of the Human Body

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