Grammar — 26 décembre 2013

Comment bien utiliser la préposition de lieu anglaise ? Under, behind, opposite …

Lorsque l’on apprend à parler une langue étrangère, comme pour notre langue maternelle, nous travaillons rapidement les prépositions de lieu. Je me souviens avoir lu à plusieurs reprises le fameux Tchoupi dans lequel ma fille a pu apprendre les formes géométriques, les couleurs, les prépositions de lieux et les comparaisons. Et bien nous sommes ici au stade des prépositions de lieux dans notre apprentissage de l’anglais. Je vous rassure, elle parle parfaitement français à présent, vous devriez donc être rapidement opérationnel en anglais, vous aussi !

 

Under, behind, opposite…

Do you know how to use prepositions? They can be one of the more confusing things for people learning English to master! In this lesson we will try to uncover the mystery surrounding the prepositions under, next to, beside, between, in front of, behind, opposite, in front of, by, above, and below.

GIUUnderBehind

Prepositions

 

In the above figure, one is next to two. Three is next to four and five is next to six.

Three is between one and five. Four is between two and six.

The star is behind number four.

The heart is in front of number five.

Numbers two, four, and six are on the right and numbers one, three and five are on the left.

The moon is under all the numbers. It is also below all the numbers.

The happy face is above all the numbers.

Opposite means when an object is “face to face” with another, one in front of the other. The only difference is that while in front of can mean that something has it’s back side to the other, opposite means that one object is facing the other.

By means next to.

Texte sur la préposition de lieu

Do you understand? Read the following paragraphs to check your knowledge.

What does your house look like at Christmas time? In my family it’s an enormously important moment. My family goes wild decorating the house. They place Christmas figurines in front of the house. My mom’s favorite figurine is Santa Claus sitting on his sleigh behind the reindeer. In front of the Santa statue they always put the Frosty the Snowman figurine. They place the elves opposite of Santa and his reindeer.

However, my family doesn’t just decorate the front yard. They also decorate many things inside the house! The most important thing, of course, is the Christmas tree. My mom puts the presents under the Christmas tree five days before Christmas. She hangs the stockings above the fireplace which is beside the dinner table. Between the Christmas tree and the dinner table she puts a menorah. Her father was Jewish, so she still wants to respect his heritage. She places a picture of her father by the menorah. We light each of the candles respecting her father’s wishes, even though he is no longer with us! My mother places a beautiful tablecloth below the menorah and her dad’s picture. It really is beautiful!

Finally, mom places a large stuffed reindeer next to the Christmas tree. My little cousin likes to climb up on the reindeer and pretend to ride it.

Our little dog gets scared when we open our presents and hides under the reindeer. It’s quite the funny sight, seeing a frightened little dog under a stuffed animal! The reindeer’s belly starts about two feet above the dog’s head. It’s enormous!

Do you celebrate Christmas? Do you have any special holiday traditions? What do you do to decorate your house? Do you follow any specific pattern or do you decorate everything however you want, changing the decorations every year?

 

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate pronoun, based on this picture:

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Europe_countries_map_en_2.png

Europe_countries_map_en_2

Europe

 

Quiz sur les prépositions de lieu

Prepositions: Under, behind, opposite

Maintenant à vous de jouer!!!   Choose the correct preposition using this map to help refresh your memory.  
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